Assessment of Bispectral Index Targeted Induction on Haemodynamic Responses to Laryngoscopy and Intubation during General Anaesthesia

Introduction:Laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation (LETI) during general anesthesia can elicit significant haemodynamic responses, potentially posing risks to patients with cardiovascular or cerebrovascular conditions. Ensuring adequate depth of anesthesia during these procedures is crucial for maintaining haemodynamic stability. Additionally, commonly used induction agents like Propofol may cause haemodynamic instability. This study aims to assess the effect … Read more