Correlation between central venous pressure in patients undergoing spine surgery in prone position

Background:Patients undergoing major spine surgeries are at risk of significant blood loss and hemodynamic disturbances, necessitating intraoperative monitoring of central venous pressure (CVP) to guide fluid therapy. However, CVP monitoring via central venous cannulation carries its own risks and discomfort. Peripheral venous pressure (PVP) monitoring through a peripheral intravenous catheter has been proposed as an … Read more