Advanced Hemodynamic Monitoring in Anesthesia: Calculating PPV, SVV, and Interpreting Oximetric Waveform Analysis

Introduction:In the realm of anesthesia, advanced hemodynamic monitoring has become indispensable for optimizing patient care. This includes calculating Pulse Pressure Variation (PPV) and Stroke Volume Variation (SVV), as well as interpreting oximetric waveform analysis. These components provide critical insights into a patient’s cardiovascular status during surgery, enabling precise fluid management and improved patient outcomes. In … Read more