Management of Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) in the Perioperative Period

Introduction Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a common congenital heart anomaly that remains asymptomatic in most cases. However, in the perioperative period, PFO can become clinically significant, potentially leading to hypoxemia and paradoxical embolism. This article explores the management of PFO in various surgical contexts, highlighting its significance and potential complications. PFO and Its Pathophysiology … Read more